Every holiday season brings us news of thefts. Sometimes followed up by good people stepping forward to restore or replace the item(s) stolen. This year is no different.
Mid-November someone stole $8,000 from a fundraiser held to raise money for a a New York City firefighter son. Aidan Sullivan, 9 years old, was born with hemifacial microsomia. In Aidan’s case, this birth defect has left one side of his face underdeveloped, deformed his jaw and skull and left him without a right ear. (photo credit)
The Vincent Crotty Memorial Foundation is replacing the money that was stolen. The money is needed to offset the portion insurance doesn’t cover (deductible, family percentage, etc) which is estimated to be in the $10,000 to $15,000 range. Aiden’s surgery is scheduled for this spring at NYU's Langone Medical Center in Manhattan.
Best wishes to you Aiden.
What is hemifacial microsomia?
It is a developmental birth defect involving the first two branchial arches resulting in incomplete development of the ear, nose, soft palate, lip and mandible. The syndrome varies in severity, but always includes the mal-development of the ear and the mandible. This is the second most common facial birth defect after clefts.
Hemifacial microsomia is also known as first and second branchial arch syndrome, craniofacial microsomia, oral-mandibular-auricular syndrome, otocraniocephalic syndrome, auriculobranchiogenic dysplasia, necrotic facial dysplasia, intrauterine facial necrosis, otomandibular dystosis, hemignathia and microtia syndrome, and unilateral facial agenesis.
Hemifacial microsomia syndrome is made up of a constellation of congenitally malformed facial structures which arise from the first and second branchial arches, the intervening first pharyngeal pouch and first branchial cleft.
Hemifacial microsomia is reported to occur in approximately 1 per 25-45,000 births. Most cases are sporadic, but there are rare familial cases that exhibit autosomal dominant inheritance.
Hemifacial microsomia syndrome is most often not completely expressed. If it were, the child would exhibit the following:
- Unilateral or bilateral underdevelopment of the external ear, middle ear, mandible, zygoma, maxilla, temporal bone, facial muscles, muscles of mastication, palatal muscles, tongue, and parotid gland.
- First branchial cleft sinus
The goals of surgery will depend on the child’s problems, but in general aim to improve facial symmetry and restore normal occlusion and TMJ joint function.
Common surgeries include:
- lowering the upper jaw to match the opposite side and lengthening the lower jaw. Sometimes a bone graft is used to lengthen the jaw and sometimes a distraction device is used.
- Ear reconstruction at about 5-6 years of age, involves 3 to 4 surgeries.
- Occasionally, it may be necessary to add bone to build up the cheekbone.
- Some children benefit from the addition of soft tissues to further balance the face.
Microtia (September 14, 2007)
Constricted Ear Deformity (September 15, 2007)
Craniofacial, Distraction Osteogenesis; eMedicine article, June 30, 2009; Pravin K Patel, MD, Marco F Ellis, MD, and Linping Zhao, PhD, MSE
The First and Second Branchial Arch Syndrome; Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery: November 1965 - Volume 36 - Issue 5 - ppg 485-508
Syndromes of the First and Second Pharyngeal Arches: A Review; Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:1853–1859, 2009; Passos-Bueno MR, Ornelas CC, Fanganiello RD.