Obesity is an ever increasing presence in today’s world. Thirty-four percent of U.S. adults are now estimated to be obese (BMI>30), up from just 15% three decades ago.
Enrolled in the insurance plan for at least one month before and after surgery
in complications such as inflammation (OR=22.2), infection (OR=13.4), pain (OR=11.7), the development of seroma (OR=11.4) and hematoma (OR=10.9).
Our data demonstrate that obesity is a major risk factor for complications following elective breast procedures. In light of current trends towards pay-for-performance-based reimbursement, although obesity is currently not accounted for in quality metrics, based on our study, it increases the odds of experiencing any complication within a 30-day postoperative period by 11.8 times. This is in marked contrast to previous studies, which showed either no significant difference in complications between
obese and non-obese patients undergoing elective breast surgery, or just a slight increase.Although pay-for-performance strives to reward healthcare providers for meeting certain performance measures for quality and efficiency, there is no guarantee that the measures being used accurately reflect the quality of surgical care being provided. For example, the current assumption behind pay-for-performance is that high-quality care reduces surgical
complications. Our results suggest that variations seen in the rate of complications may be, in part, related to the characteristics of the population--in this case, body habitus. These complications could even occur despite adherence to process measures such as administering appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis. Thus, any measure of quality should consider the effect of obesity on these measures.
The Impact of Obesity on Breast Surgery Complications; Chen, Catherine L.; Shore, Andrew D.; Johns, Roger; Clark, Jeanne M.; Manahan, Michele; Makary, Martin A.; Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery., POST ACCEPTANCE, 9 June 2011; doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3182284c05