Panel A shows the patient at 9 weeks of age, before treatment with propranolol, after 4 weeks of receiving systemic corticosteroids (at a dose of 3 mg per kilogram of body weight per day for 2 weeks and at a dose of 5 mg per kilogram per day for 2 weeks).Panel B shows the patient at 10 weeks of age, 7 days after the initiation of propranolol treatment at a dose of 2 mg per kilogram per day while prednisolone treatment was tapered to 3 mg per kilogram per day. Spontaneous opening of the eye was possible because of a reduction in the size of the subcutaneous component of the hemangioma.Panel C shows the patient at 6 months of age, while he was still receiving 2 mg of propranolol per kilogram per day. Systemic corticosteroids had been discontinued at 2 months of age. No subcutaneous component of the hemangioma was noted, and the cutaneous component had considerably faded. The child had no visual impairment.Panel D shows the child at 9 months of age. The hemangioma had continued to improve, and the propranolol treatment was discontinued.
Propranolol for severe hemangiomas of infancy; New Engl J Med 2008; 358: 2649-2651; Léauté-Labrèze, C et al
Ulcerated Hemangiomas of Infancy: Risk Factors and Management Strategies; eLiterature Review (John Hopkins Medicine) , Oct 2007, Vol 1, No 4; Bernard A. Cohen, MD, Susan Matra Rabizadeh, MD, MBA, Mark Lebwohl, MD, and Elizabeth Sloand, PhD, CRNP
Related Blog Posts
Vascular Birthmarks (July 15, 2007)
Early Surgical Intervention for Proliferating Hemagiomas of the Scalp -- An Article Review (Sept 1, 2008)